Toothache: causes and solutions

Douleur aux dents : origines et solutions - Y-Brush

Good oral hygiene serves to prevent tooth pain, but also to delay the symptoms of possible infections to relieve pain. Good dental hygiene is therefore necessary to prevent tooth loosening, gum disease, plaque build-up and other periodontal diseases. And to effectively combat inflammation, nerve sensitivity or wisdom toothache, you can try a mouthwash for toothache.

Here is a guide to help you understand the cause of your toothache and how to relieve it before you seek medical attention.

What is dental pain?

The central organ of the tooth is the pulp. It contains blood vessels and nerves. They enter the oral cavity through a rather narrow passage. Inflammation of the dental pulp will easily compress it. In addition, an infection or a rise in temperature causes vasodilation which increases the blood flow and compresses the nerves. Their main reaction is to send a pain signal to the brain.

The different types of toothache

Whether the pain is more or less intense does not change the fact that toothache is extremely difficult to bear in the long term.

Here are the different types of toothache:

1) Toothache

Toothache most often occurs suddenly. However, it sometimes occurs gradually. It is either a simple discomfort felt inside the mouth or a constant, occasional or strong pain. In the most extreme case, the pain can radiate into the head, jawbone or ears, which can disrupt your daily life. In addition, the painful tooth is particularly sensitive to touch in all circumstances.

2) Dental hypersensitivity

It is characterised by a strong dental sensitivity to the contact of cold or heat, i.e. all the food that you are going to eat will make your teeth hurt. You will also feel a strong pain when you eat sweet or acidic foods. In addition, even the passage of air through your mouth and even gentle brushing of your teeth will cause severe pain. This pain occurs irregularly but can quickly become constant. It feels like an electric shock.

3) Acute dental pain

It is very intense and radiates to the location of the tooth that is the cause. It can spread to the inside of the ear or into the maxillary sinus, depending on where the tooth is located. This pain is either inflammatory or infectious in nature, indicating a dental abscess. The latter occurs when there is an infection of the gum fibres that hold the tooth in its socket. It causes painful swelling of the gum, and deformation of the cheek.

4) Tooth pressure pain

It occurs when the teeth come into contact. This pain is often dull and inconsistent. Dental pressure pain is not the same depending on its origin. In fact, food blocked in the interdental space causes a more or less diffuse pain. In the case of dental infection, however, the pain is very intense when the teeth are touched. In the case of root canal treatment, the teeth are more sensitive to the slightest contact with something.

The main causes of toothache


Teething is the cause of tooth pain, for example: a baby tooth or a wisdom tooth. In the case of wisdom teeth, this may be due to the teeth being incorrectly positioned and prevented from coming out. To remedy this problem, you can have your wisdom teeth x-rayed by your dentist if you see that they are growing in so that tooth extraction is not necessary.

2) Tooth decay

Tooth decay occurs as dark cavities that originate from an accumulation of bacteria. It is very often caused by an acidic and sugary diet and poor oral hygiene. If you suffer from tooth pain due to cavities, you should avoid sweet and acidic foods. You should also brush your teeth 30 minutes after meals to prevent further damage from cavities.

3) Gingivitis

This is an inflammation of the gums. You don't feel any pain but redness, bad breath and bleeding gums are the most significant signs of gingivitis. All of these symptoms should be taken seriously so that it does not get out of hand. If you treat the gingivitis well, it will clear up quite easily. You should therefore regularly check your teeth and gums for tartar and plaque.

4) Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a form of gingivitis that has not been treated and has become relatively worse. Indeed, the dental plaque that has not been well controlled calcifies and forms tartar deposits that loosen the gum around the tooth. Tartar then touches the root and attacks the jawbone surrounding the teeth and resorbs it. There is a risk of losing these teeth in addition to the infection caused by periodontitis. 

Antiseptic mouthwash for dental problems and pain

To freshen your breath and keep your gums healthy, use a mouthwash. This is highly recommended by dentists and will help eliminate toxins and bacteria that cause tooth decay, tartar formation and bacterial plaque. They are used in addition to a good brushing of the teeth to eliminate the food debris and to have a healthy mouth. Any dental hygienist will tell you: Food residues are dangerous for the health of your teeth. In the long run, it can cause tooth erosion under the gums or even on the surface of the tooth.

Here are the different antiseptic mouthwashes to use: 

1) Salt water mouthwash

A mouthwash with warm salt water provides relief from sore teeth and swollen gums. To do this, simply add a few teaspoons of salt to a quarter of a litre of lukewarm water. Once you've done your mouthwash, spit out the mixture.

2) Mouthwash with vinegar

Vinegar has a revulsive action on the mucous membranes of the mouth. It activates cellular exchanges, which alleviates the pain in the mouth. To do this, simply add a teaspoon of vinegar to water. Take a sip from the side of the painful tooth.

3) Peppermint mouthwash

This is a solid mouthwash. It contains Xylitol, which helps to fight cavities, gum problems and bad breath. Citric acid, baking soda, Xylitol, peppermint oil and mineral water are mixed together in a bowl with a mini whisk.

If your toothache does not go away, you can consult a dentist who will set up the most suitable treatment.

Before using a mouthwash to reduce toothache, you can use an electric toothbrush such as the Y-Brush. Indeed, it offers several modes of sonic vibrations and brushing time according to the dental sensitivity of each one. This allows effective brushing even when your teeth are weakened by tooth pain.

We hope this guide has helped you understand why you have a toothache. We also hope that you will find the mouthwash that is most effective in relieving your toothache.


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