It's almost summer! Take out your bathing suit and flip-flops but above all, don't eat too much ice cream at the risk of getting cavities!
Tooth decay is an infectious disease that gradually causes the destruction of teeth, it can be detected thanks to a sensitivity or even pain felt when the tooth is in contact with hot or cold. This disease affects many people: More than nine out of ten people would have had at least one cavity. In France, more than a third of six-year-olds and more than half of 12-year-olds are reported to have been affected by this infection. In Canada, 57% of children aged 6 to 12 have had at least one cavity according to Passeport Santé.
But what are the causes of the appearance of cavities?
Well! several reasons are detectable:
- Sweets such as sodas, cakes and confectionery are a major factor in the development of cavities. They contain industrial sugar and increase the proliferation of plaque bacteria. In addition, if they are nibbled between meals, they prevent saliva from protecting the teeth by cleaning them and neutralizing the acidity of the mouth and thus nibbling eventually increases the risk of cavities.
- The consumption of acidic foods can, by increasing the level of acid in the mouth, attack the teeth.
- There are also predispositions for the appearance of cavities such as tooth positions that can make brushing difficult. The different types of enamel are not all formed in the same way, which can make them more fragile and increase the risk of cavities. Indeed, oral health is important to take into account in the development of cavities.
- Fluoride deficiencies as well as eating disorders can also influence the development of cavities.
What are the evolutions of a cavity?
Cavities attack the enamel, which is the outer part of the crown of the tooth and can even, if not treated in time, cause a dental abscess. It is always necessary to have your cavities treated because this disease does not stop on its own.
What can we do to avoid them?
First of all, it’s important to see the dentist at least once a year so that he or she can detect cavities or other problems related to your oral condition and alert you in case of infection.
As mentioned above, you should watch your daily diet to avoid acidity and sugar, which are very bad for your teeth and promote cavities.
In addition, good oral health must also be maintained by proper brushing several times a day to prevent the growth of plaque bacteria. Flossing is also essential in your daily life to eliminate food waste trapped between your teeth without damaging the gums while you are flossing.